Genesis 4:1-4:16 – Characters

Characters

Names

  • Havva
  • Cayin
  • Havel
  • God
  • the Blood – Anthropomorphic
  • the Ground – Anthropomorphic

Position / Distance & Static / Dynamic

  • Havva
    • Static – only mentioned once
  • Cayin
    • Position – Main character
    • Dynamic – his range of emotion is from sadness → anger → fear
  • Havel
    • Static – no dialogue, only mentioned for the sake of the plot.
  • God
    • Dynamic – Passive questioning → Sorrow for the blood → Anger in cursing → Passive Protection
    • Position – Primary character
  • The Ground
    • Dynamic – Giving fruit. Blood crying from it. Source of cursing.

Stereotype Gaps

  • Cayin
    • Stereotype Gap – (4:4-5) Firstborn is preferred by Havva and in general. However, God preferred the second born.
    • Stereotype Gap – (4:9) Firstborn is typically the brother’s and family’s keeper.
  • God
    • Stereotype Gap – (4:11-15) God is both judge and protector

Emotional Intensity & Irony

  • Cayin
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:5) Anger – Face falling and being kindled.
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:9) Anger – Rhetorical question indicates resentment over questioning.
    • Irony – (4:9) As the older brother, he is supposed to be keeper of the family. So the answer to his rhetorical question is actually “yes.”
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:13-14) Fear – Over punishment being too much
  • God
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:6-7) Curiosity. God is wondering how Cayin would not have realized this fact even without him telling him.
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:10) Sadness. The accusative questioning paired with the crying out of the blood indicates a great anguish in God.
    • Irony – (4:2,11) The same ground that Cayin tills is the source of his curse.
    • Emotional Intensity – (4:15) Extreme punishment for those who harm Cayin.

Comparison and Contrast

  • Cayin and Havel
    • Contrasts – Emotional vs. unemotional. Aggressive vs passive.  Did what was wrong vs did what was right.  Was not respected vs was respected.
    • Similarities – Gave offering to the LORD.
  • Cayin and God
    • Contrasts – Final attack on his brother vs final protection over Cayin. Questioning vs Responding.  Anger over respect vs Anger over suffering.
    • Similarities – Anger.

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